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         Postition Statement on Racism & Racial Inequality         

June 8, 2020                

The members of AHNA wish to show our solidarity with those who are courageously condemning racism and discrimination. The membership grieves with those who have suffered the violence and even murder as a result entrenched in social misunderstanding, hatred and fear. 


Our hearts are with the families of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor,
Ahmaud Arbery, Tony McDade, and countless others. 


We hear the voices of those who have lost family and loved ones to this systemic racism, and recognize their emotional, spiritual, physical and mental suffering. We, the members of AHNA abhor the systemic racism which fosters cycles of fear, violence, abuses of power, discrimination, poverty and health care disparities.


“It is imperative this country and the world eliminates its lack of compassion, transforms its attitudes and behavior and ultimately heals this pervasive injustice. Holistic nurses embrace and celebrate diversity; therefore, we are using our voices to call out racism and recognize that, going forward, we can and must heal by embracing our common humanity and interconnectedness,”

- Barry Gallison, DNP, MS, APRN, NEA-BC, CPHQ, AHN-BC, AHNA President


Nurses practice within a framework of compassion which embraces the inherent dignity, worth and uniqueness of every individual, and we know our profession must do all we can to improve racial disparity in health outcomes.  With this purpose, AHNA commits to immediate action and dialogue, reaching out to other nursing specialties to co-create strategies to increase diversity within nursing, create a culture of justice and equality, and deliver compassionate and effective healthcare services to those entrusted to our care. 



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Personal Development Resources:  



American Son 
(Netflix: 1 hour 30 mins)
On the night a teenage boy goes missing, his parents, Kendra (Kerry Washington) and Scott (Steven Pasquale) end up at the police precinct. They are trying to figure out what happened to their son - reopening old wounds regarding race, fear, and their rocky marriage in the process. 

See You Yesterday (Netflix 1 hr 27 mins)
From director Stefon Bristol and producer Spike Lee comes See You Yesterday, a sci-fi adventure grounded in familial love, cultural divides and the universal urge to change the wrongs of the past. 

When They See Us (Netflix 4 episodes 64-88 mins each)
When They See Us is a 2019 American tragedy based on events of the 1989 Central Park jogger case and explores the lives and families of the five male suspects who were falsely accused then prosecuted on charges related to the rape and assault of a woman in Central Park, New York City.

13th (Netflix 1 hr 40 mins)
13th is a 2016 American documentary by director Ava DuVernay that explores the "intersection of race, justice, and mass incarceration in the United States;" it is titled after the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, adopted in 1865, which abolished slavery throughout the United States and ended involuntary servitude except as a punishment for conviction of a crime.

If Beale St Could Talk (YouTube, Google Play, Vudu, Amazon prime Video, Hulu 117 mins)
Based from a book by James Baldwin of the same title, If Beale Street Could Talk honors the author's prescient words and imagery, charting the emotional currents navigated in an unforgiving and racially biased world as the filmmaker poetically crosses time periods to show how love and humanity endure.

King In The Wilderness (YouTube, Google Play, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, HBO max 1 hr 52 mins)
King in the Wilderness chronicles the final chapters of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s life, revealing a conflicted leader who faced an onslaught of criticism from both sides of the political spectrum. While the Black Power movement saw his nonviolence as weakness, and President Lyndon B. Johnson saw his anti-Vietnam War speeches as irresponsible, Dr. King’s unyielding belief in peaceful protest became a testing point for a nation on the brink of chaos.

The Hate U Give (YouTube, Google Play, Vudu, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu 132 mins)
The Hate U Give is a 2018 American drama film directed by George Tillman Jr. with a screenplay by Audrey Wells, based on the 2017 young adult novel of the same name by Angie Thomas. The film follows the fallout after a high school student witnesses a police shooting.



Early Black American Leaders in Nursing: Architects for Integration and Equality

Althea Davis 
isbn-13: 978-0763710095
isbn-10: 0763710091

the fascinating story of three black women, mary eliza mahoney , martha minerva franklin, and adah belle samuels thoms, who are considered among the pioneers of nursing, and who were admitted into nursings hall of fame for their efforts. this book highlights their family lives, personalities, commitment to womanhood, and their professional achievements. these three women worked toward upgrading the quality of nursing education and all aspects of employment in practice for black nurses. they sought integration and equality that required a great deal of work, time, and perseverance. like architects, they were individually and collectively the founders, organizers, builders, and corners tones of a national movement.


White Fragility: why it’s so hard for white people to talk about racism (2018)

the new york times best-selling book white fragility: why it's so hard for white people to talk about racism explores the reactions that white people have when their personal assumptions about race are challenged.

Raising White Kids 

Helps enter into a dialogue about the impact of racism on our children. Help children function well in a diverse nation. Living in a racially unjust and deeply segregated nation creates unique conundrums for white children that begin early in life and impact development in powerful ways. Raising White Kids offers ageappropriate insights for teaching children how to address racism when they encournter it and tackles tough questions about hotw to help white kids be mindful of racial relations while understanding their own identity and the role they can play for justice.

How to be an Anti-Racist (2019, 320 pgs)
ibram x. kendi's concept of antiracism reenergizes and reshapes the conversation about racial justice in america. instead of working with the policies and system we have in place, kendi asks us to think about what an anti-racist society might look like, and how we can play an active role in building it.


The New Jim Crow (2020, 352 pgs)

the new jim crow is an account of the rebirth of a caste-like system in the united states; one that has resulted in millions of african americans locked behind bars and then relegated to a permanent second-class status—denied the very rights supposedly won in the civil rights movement. the new jim crow challenges the civil rights community—and all of us—to place mass incarceration at the forefront of a new movement for racial justice in america.


Divided Sisters (1997, 352 pgs)

based on scores of interviews, cultural literature and extensive research, divided sisters examines relations between black and white women as children, as adults, at school and in college, at work and at home.


The Bluest Eye (224 pgs)

the bluest eye, published in 1970, is the first novel written by author toni morrison.  a powerful examination of our obsession with beauty and conformity, toni morrison’s virtuosic first novel asks powerful questions about race, class, and gender.


They Can’t Kill Us All (2016, 256 pgs)

conducting hundreds of interviews during the course of over one year reporting on the ground, washington post writer wesley lowery traveled gathering information. they can't kill us all offers a historically informed look at the standoff between the police and those they are sworn to protect, showing that civil unrest is just one tool of resistance in the broader struggle for justice.


I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings (2009, 304 pgs)

i know why the caged bird sings captures the brute insult of bigotry, and the wonder of words that can make the world right. this book was the first written by maya angelou.

Fatal Invention (2012, 400 pgs)

this book examines how the myth of biological concept of race—revived by purportedly cutting-edge science, race-specific drugs, genetic testing, and dna databases—continues to undermine a just society and promote inequality in a supposedly “post-racial” era.

Locking Up Our Own (2017, 320 pgs)

james forman, jr. is a leading critic of mass incarceration and its disproportionate impact on people of color. in locking up our own, he seeks to understand the war on crime that began in the 1970s and why it was supported by many african american leaders in the nation’s urban centers.


The Miner’s Canary (2003, 400 pgs)

the stories of political race in action include the coalition of hispanic and black leaders who devised the texas ten percent plan to establish equitable state college admissions criteria, and the struggle of black workers in north carolina for fair working conditions that drew on the strength and won the support of the entire local community. like the canaries that alerted miners to a poisonous atmosphere, issues of race point to underlying problems in society that ultimately affect everyone, not just minorities.


The Wretched of the Earth (1963, 251 pgs)

the wretched of the earth has had a major impact on civil rights, anticolonialism, and black consciousness movements around the world, it’s an analysis of the psychology of the colonized and their path to liberation.


Their Eyes Were Watching God (2013, 264 pgs)

first published in 1937, zora mae hurston rejects 19th- and early 20th-century stereotypes for women and creates a protagonist who though silenced for most of her life, ultimately finds her own voice.


White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack (1988, 7 pgs)

white privilege: unpacking the invisible knapsack is a 1989 essay written by american feminist scholar peggy mcintosh. it covers 50 examples, or hidden benefits,[4] from mcintosh's perspective, of the privilege white people experience in everyday life.


The Warmth of Other Suns (2010, 622 pgs) 

the warmth of other suns: the epic story of america's great migration is a historical study of the great migration by isabel wilkerson, which received the national book critics circle award among other accolades.

A Terrible Thing to Waste: Environmental Racism and Its Assault on the American Mind (2019, 368 pgs) 

written by Harriet A. Washington, author of Medical Apartheid, this 2019 non-fiction title presents the alarming, negative impact that environmental hazards have on people of color in America. 


Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and the Origins of American Gynecology (2017, 182 pgs) 

author Deirdre Cooper Owens highlights the dark history of American gynecology and the foundation it was built on, through exploitation of enslaved Black women.


Nursing Articles



Cultural Diversity Training: The Necessity of Cultural Competence for Health Care Providers and in Nursing Practice

Young S, Guo KL.
Health Care Manag (Frederick). 2020 Apr/Jun;39(2):100-108. doi: 10.1097/HCM.0000000000000294. PMID: 32345943
Discusses culturally sensitive care provision for diverse health care consumers. A literature review of national standards and research on cultural competency specifically focused on nursing. This study supports the theory that cultural competence is learned over time and is a process of inner reflection and awareness. The domains of awareness, skill, and knowledge are essential competencies needed by health care providers, especially nurses. Although barriers to providing culturally sensitive care exist, gaining a better understanding of cultural competence is essential to developing realistic education and training techniques, leading to quality professional nursing practice for increasingly diverse populations.


Diversity Poster and Presentation: Blending Diversity, Scholarship and Evidence Based Practice into Scholarly Work for Nurse Practitioner Students

Iee Masciola


Empirical model of clinical learning environment and mentoring of culturally and linguistically diverse nursing students.

Kristina MikkonenMerja MerilainenMarco Tomietto
Medicine, Psychology, Journal of Clinical Nursing, 2019

Implementation of a Transcultural Nursing Education Program to Improve Nurses' Cultural Competence

Ann Marie Edwards
Psychology, 2019


 Fostering Diversity and Inclusivity Among African-American Nursing Students in U.S. Schools of Nursing: Changing the Dynamics.

Dawson MA, Giger JN, Powell-Young Y, Brannon CB.
J Natl Black Nurses Assoc. 2019 Dec;30(2):vi-viii.

Diversity within nursing: effects on nurse-nurse interaction, job satisfaction, and turnover.

Beheri WH.
Nurs Adm Q. 2009 Jul-Sep;33(3):216-26. doi: 10.1097/NAQ.0b013e3181accacc.
PMID: 19546741



(30-43 mins each)
1619 is a New York Times audio series, hosted by Nikole Hannah-Jones, that examines the long shadow of American slavery. There are 6 podcasts in this series.

About Race (19-39 mins each)
From the author behind the bestselling Why I'm No Longer Talking to White People About Race, comes a podcast that takes the conversation a step further. Featuring key voices from the last few decades of anti-racist activism, About Race with Reni Eddo-Lodge looks at the recent history that lead to the politics of today. There are 9 podcasts in this series.

Code Switch (25-50 mins each)
What's CODE SWITCH? It's the fearless conversations about race that you've been waiting for! Hosted by journalists of color, our podcast tackles the subject of race head-on., exploring how it impacts every part of society — from politics and pop culture to history, sports and everything in between. This podcast makes ALL OF US part of the conversation — because we are all part of the story.

Intersectionality Matters (1 hr each)
In 1989, Kimberlé Crenshaw, scholar and civil rights advocate, theorized a concept she called intersectionality, after recognizing that gender and race were looked at as completely separate issues. She concluded that studying them in isolation to each other was not productive. This is a series of 18 podcasts.

Momentum: A Race Forward (24 mins- 1 hr each)
Momentum: A Race Forward Podcast features movement voices, stories, and strategies for racial justice. Co-hosts Chevon and Hiba give their unique takes on race and pop culture, and uplifting narratives of hope, struggle, and joy, as we continue to build the momentum needed to advance racial justice in our policies, institutions, and culture. This is a series of 7 podcasts.

Pod For The Cause (approx. 30 mins each)
This podcast was created for those of you wanting to effect change, who understand the importance of restoring our democracy and want to engage in deep conversation around the issues. There are 2 “seasons” of 9 pods each.

Pod Save the People (48 mins – 1 hr 30 mins each)
On Pod Save the People, organizer and activist DeRay Mckesson explores news, culture, social justice, and politics. Offering a unique take on the news, with a special focus on overlooked stories and topics that often impact people of color. There’s also a weekly one-on-one interview with DeRay and special guests, from singer/songwriter John Legend to Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi.

Seeing White (17 mins- 1 hr each)
Police shootings of unarmed African Americans, acts of domestic terrorism by white supremacists, the renewed embrace of raw, undisguised white-identity politics, unending racial inequity in schools, housing, criminal justice, and hiring- Some of this feels new, but in truth it’s an old story. Scene on Radio host and producer John Biewen took a deep dive into these questions, in this fourteen-part documentary series.

Parenting Forward (37 mins)
In episode 78, authors of the book, The ABC's of Diversity: Helping Kids (And Ourselves!) Embrace Our Differences. Carolyn Helsel and Joy Harris-Smith.’s goal is to walk parents and kids through the learning process of living fully in the diversity of who we are as families and as a society.

Fare of the Free Child (16 mins- 1 hr 14 mins each)
Fare of the Free Child is a weekly-published podcast community centering Black people, Indigenous people, and People of Color in liberatory living and learning practices. Akilah S. Richards and guests discuss the fears and the fares (costs) of raising free black and brown children in a world that tends to diminish, dehumanize, and disappear them.,Directed%20Education%20movement%2C%20Akilah%20S.


Correcting Nursing Education  






Successful recruitment and retention efforts targeting racial/ethnic minority nurses and conclude with recommendations to strengthen the development and evaluation of their contributions to eliminating health disparities. Patient demographics, coupled with the ongoing disparities in health care and health outcomes warrant attention and action. The nursing profession in particular should make concerted efforts to diversify the nation’s health-care workforce, to recruit and retain a culturally diverse atmosphere that mirrors demographics. 








Cultural competancy in a workforce begins in diversity and requires: 


1. Awareness of one's own cultural worldview & attitude towards cultural differences
2.  Knowledge of different cultural practices and worldviews and cross-cultural skills


This increased need to enhance diversity in nursing is not new to the profession; the need to successfully address this issue has never been greater.


 Further Reading: 

Unequal opportunity: Race and Education

Ethnic and Racial Disparities in Education





"In contrast to nations that fund schools centrally and equally, the wealthiest 10 percent of U.S. school districts spend nearly 10 times more than the poorest 10 percent... Despite stark differences in funding, teacher quality, curriculum, and class sizes, the prevailing view is that if students do not achieve, it is their own fault. If we are ever to get beyond the problem of the color line, we must confront and address these inequalities," 

Linda Darling-Hammond, M


Voiced in 1998, the dispairity in education has remained vast.
Until the United States begins with equitable education of the youngest citizens, and forms a diverse environment through secondary and post-secondary education,  the scales of poverty will continue to coorelate with poor health conditions:

  • A person cannot be progressive in health maintenance with poor health literacy.

  • A person cannot have health literacy if they have limited education.


  • Fund nurse-led efforts aimed at eliminating health disparities in academic, clinical, and community-based settings.

  • Create and disseminate evaluation measures and metrics that assess the contributions of a diverse workforce toward eliminating health disparities.


  • Establish stronger linkages between nursing practice and the social determinants of health in nursing education and clinical practice.

  • Expand service-learning activities focused on reducing health disparities and achieving health equity in nursing programs at the graduate and undergraduate levels.


  • Create special fellowships or additional training opportunities to support a concentration in health equity and health disparities for advanced practice nurses.

  • Support more inter-professional centers of excellence with shared responsibilities and required opportunities for minority nurse leadership and involvement.

    CNE OPPORTUNITY         

AHNA Racism and Diversity 
Educational Series 


AHNA is committed to providing greater understanding and appreciation for the racial disparities in Nursing and throughout our country.  We are excited to announce we will be hosting movies on racism, diversity and equity, followed by reflective dialogue. 2.5 CNE credits are available after a short evaluation.






An American documentary by Director Ava Du Vernay that explores the "intersection of race, justice, and mass incarceration in the united states;" it is titled after the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, adopted in 1865, which abolished slavery and ended involuntary servitude except as a punishment for conviction of a crime.

13th (netflix 1 hr 40 mins)

Hosts: AHNA President Barry Gallison & AHNCC President Deb Shields
Facilitator for Reflective Dialogue: Leondria Taty, MSN, FNP-C, HNB-BC 






      Mentors & Minorities    




Effective mentorship is important for career development and advancement, especially for women in biomedical careers. NIH scientists Dr. Sadhana Jackson, Dr. Sherine El-Toukhy, and Dr. Yarimar Carrasquillo share advice and discuss their experiences with mentoring from their perspectives as women of color. The discussion is moderated by Dr. Melissa Ghim, who leads career development and workforce diversity programs at the NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH).






click here to access the live q&a



view a discussion regarding the experiences of women of color & mentorship in the scientific community 







Other Resources

American Holistic Nurses Credentialing Corporation (AHNCC): Embracing Diversity, Inclusion, Social Justice, and Equity for All 

This page contains many resources you may find helpful for your own personal growth or to use with your boards or organizations. It is being added to every day.

 Resources for Unlearning & Transforming Racism 

offers learning materials for taking action toward individual and collective change. 

 MOSAIC program 

Designed to facilitate the transition of promising postdoctoral researchers from diverse backgrounds into independent faculty careers in research-intensive institutions. 

MOSAIC has two components: 

1) individual postdoctoral career transition awards to promote diversity

 2) focused research education cooperative agreement awards